Small Leaved Lime


small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) leaf
small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) leaf
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) leaf
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) leaf underside
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) flower
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) flowers
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) terminal bud
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) fruits
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) fruits in autumn
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) foliage and fruits
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) twig
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) trunk / bark
  • small leaved lime (Tilia cordata) tree in winter

The Small leaved lime is native from Europe to the Middle East. The flowers of the Small leaved lime have a high sugar content and are therefore well suited as bee pasture.


The winter bark grows up to 30 m (99 ft) tall. It has a slightly heart-shaped crown structure. The side branches protrude slightly bent upward and are provided with numerous small branches, similar to the birch of the case. The trunk of the Small leaved lime is straight and consistent in trees from the nursery, in wild forms, the trunk is often divided very low. Winter limes can live to several hundred years.

Leaf description

The leaf of the Small leaved lime has a heart-shaped shape, is dark on the top, shiny green. The underside of the leaves is much lighter, dull, bluish-green and the arms of the leaf veins are covered with brown hair tufts. The leaf margin is finely sawn. The leaf feels almost leathery. The leaf has a light green petiole. In autumn, the alternate leaves of this linden turn yellow.

Branches / buds

The buds of the Small leaved lime are reddish brown, slightly ovate and overhanging. The end bud stands individually. Between March and April the buds sprout. The fine, red-brown branches have bright lenticels.


The flowers of the Small leaved lime appear after the leaves have been released. The inflorescences are drooping panicles with up to 12 whitish-yellow single flowers. The flowers are monoecious, hermaphrodite and very fragrant. The flowering season of the lime tree is between June and July.


Like all lime trees, the Small leaved lime produces small nut fruits. The nuts are no larger than a few millimeters, are hard, slightly hairy and round.


The wood of the linden has a white-yellowish sapwood and a dark core. The wood is relatively light and therefore not suitable as lumber. As the soft wood is easy to work, it is used for making musical instruments and in the arts (sculpting, carving) and for turning.


The Small leaved lime is Tree of the Year 2016 .

Tree profile

name botanical: 
Tilia cordata
Mallow family (Malvaceae)
deciduous tree
10 - 30 m (33 - 99 ft)

The leaves of Small leaved lime are heart-shaped, dark green, firm and the margin is finely serrated. On the leaf underside the leaf veins have brown tufts of hairs.

leaf shape: 
leaf margin: 
leaf position: 
fall foliage: 
June - July
blossom color: 
blossom description: 

The yellow flowers form 7-11 cm (2.8 - 4.3 in) long cymes. The flowers smell strongly.

gender distribution: 
monoecious / hermaphrodite

The fruits are brownish spherical nutlets.


The branches are olive green to reddish provided with lenticels. The buds are red-brown pointed with two unequal bud scales.

The bark is brown, smooth first and later fissured lengthwise.
Deep-rooting plant - Heart-rooting plant, Shallow-rooting plant, the roots extend beyond the crown area
Sun to half-shade
sandy - loamy to loamy
ph value: 
slightly acidic to alkaline

single tree or planting in groups, parks

Typical diseases for Small Leaved Lime

Typical fungi for Small Leaved Lime