The leaves are oblong to oval and are about 10 cm (3.9 in) long. The leaf margin is serrated and the leaf arrangement is alternate. The autumn color is golden yellow to brown.
Prickly crop canopy with two beechnuts. The beechnuts are slightly toxic.
The branches are brown and the buds are red-brown, narrow, elongated and pointed.
In America, this beech is a forest tree, which grows mainly in beech-maple mixed forests. The beechnuts are used by wildlife for food.