name botanical:Carpinus caroliniana
other name:Carpinus caroliniana
family:Birch family (Betulaceae)
height:up to 12 m (39 ft)
The leaves of American hornbeam are ovoid, 5 – 10 cm (2 – 3.9 in) long, 3 – 4 cm (1.2 – 1.6 in) broad and pointed. The leaf underside is brighter. The leaf margin is serrated
fall foliage:red - orange
flowering:April – May
Hanging catkins, male flower to 6 cm long, female flowers about 10 cm (3.9 in). Both flowers are yellow-green. The flowers appear simultaneously with the leaf shoots.
Samaras, in pairs to 3-lobed cover sheet.
The branches are brown to gray, thin and grow slightly zigzag. The buds are brown and protrude from the twig.
bark:The bark is thin, smooth, gray to bluish gray, independent of age or size.
location:Sun to shade
soil:fresh humus soils
single tree, planting in groups, hedge plant, tolerates pruning good