The leaves of Chestnut are firmly like leather, oblong and dark yellow and up to 20 cm (7.9 in) long. The leaf margin is serrated.
The flowers are greenish-white catkins, conspicuous.
The nuts in the spiky shell are edible. Mostly two nuts are in a capsule.
Young twigs are tomentose. The buds are reddish and roundish.
single tree, planting in groups in parks