The Horse chestnut (buckeye) is a deciduous tree is originally from the Balkans and is widespread in Central Europe. The chestnut tree can grow up to 25 meters high. It has a broad, spreading crown. The crown base is often very low, so that the chestnut is well suited as a climbing tree. The chestnut is often used as a single tree and street tree. The red-flowering chestnut is more suitable as a street tree because it forms only a few fruits.
The leaves of Horse chestnut are palmately compound with five to seven leaflets. The leaflets are 13 - 30 cm (5.1 – 11.81 in) long. The petiole is long. The leaf margin of the leaflets is toothed.
The inflorescences are upright piston-like (flower candle) The inflorescences up to 20 – 30 cm (7.9 - 11.81 in) high. The flower color is white to yellow-red.
The seeds (chestnuts) of the horse chestnut are in a fleshy, green and spiky capsule. Usually, one to two fruit in a capsule. The fruits fall in autumn with the pericarp from the tree. Shatters upon impact on the floor.
The twigs are light brown to reddish brown.
single tree or planting in groups, honey plant, feeding tree