horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) horsechestnut leaf
horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) horsechestnut leaf
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) horsechestnut leaf
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) leaf underside
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) flower 2
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) fruits
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) fruit
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) terminal bud
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) leaf scar
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) trunk

The Horse chestnut (buckeye) is a deciduous tree is originally from the Balkans and is widespread in Central Europe. The chestnut tree can grow up to 25 meters high. It has a broad, spreading crown. The crown base is often very low, so that the chestnut is well suited as a climbing tree. The chestnut is often used as a single tree and street tree. The red-flowering chestnut is more suitable as a street tree because it forms only a few fruits.

Description Chestnut / Horse chestnut


The horse chestnut can grow up to 25 meters (85 ft) high. It has a broad and spreading crown with a low crown base.


The buds of the chestnut are large, ovate pointed, green-brown and often sticky. Underneath the buds there are noticeably large leaf scars.


The bark of the trunk is first smooth and later slightly cracked. The color of the tree bark is brown to gray-green.


The chestnut leaf is fingered, often with seven (5-7) cut leaves. The leaf is up to 20 cm (8 inch) long. The leaf color looks dull, the leaf margins are double sawn.


The of the chestnut are erected like a flower (flower candle) The inflorescences are 20 - 30 cm (8-12 inch) high. The flower color is white to yellow-red. The chestnut flowers in May.


The fruits (chestnuts) of the horse chestnut are capsule fruits that are in a spiky pericarp. Mostly one to two fruits are in a fruit bowl. The fruits fall in fall with the pericarp from the tree. Upon impact with the ground, the pericarp shatters and releases the chestnuts. The fruit is often used for handicrafts. The chestnuts are also very popular with our wild animals, especially the wild boars like to eat them.

Wood of the chestnut

The chestnut is not cultivated in Europe as timber. Their wood is sometimes used for veneers.

Tree profile

name botanical: 
Aesculus hippocastanum
Soapberry family (Sapindaceae)
deciduous tree
up to 25 m (82 ft)

The leaves of Horse chestnut are palmately compound with five to seven leaflets. The leaflets are 13 - 30 cm (5.1 – 11.81 in) long. The petiole is long. The leaf margin of the leaflets is toothed.

leaf shape: 
palmately compound
leaf margin: 
leaf position: 
fall foliage: 
yellow - orange
blossom color: 
white to yellow-red
blossom description: 

The inflorescences are upright piston-like (flower candle) The inflorescences up to 20 – 30 cm (7.9 - 11.81 in) high. The flower color is white to yellow-red.

gender distribution: 

The seeds (chestnuts) of the horse chestnut are in a fleshy, green and spiky capsule. Usually, one to two fruit in a capsule. The fruits fall in autumn with the pericarp from the tree. Shatters upon impact on the floor.


The twigs are light brown to reddish brown.

The bark is brown - gray green.
Deep to heart-rooting plant, densely branched
Sun light to slightly shady
sandy to loamy
ph value: 
slightly acidic to alkaline

single tree or planting in groups, honey plant, feeding tree

Typical diseases for Horsechestnut

Typical fungi for Horsechestnut