Horsechestnut

Basisdaten

horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) horsechestnut leaf
horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) horsechestnut leaf
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) horsechestnut leaf
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) leaf underside
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) flower 2
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) fruits
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) fruit
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) terminal bud
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) leaf scar
  • horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) trunk
description: 

The Horse chestnut (buckeye) is a deciduous tree is originally from the Balkans and is widespread in Central Europe. The chestnut tree can grow up to 25 meters high. It has a broad, spreading crown. The crown base is often very low, so that the chestnut is well suited as a climbing tree. The chestnut is often used as a single tree and street tree. The red-flowering chestnut is more suitable as a street tree because it forms only a few fruits.

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Tree profile

name botanical: 
Aesculus hippocastanum
family: 
Soapberry family (Sapindaceae)
species: 
deciduous tree
height: 
up to 25 m (82 ft)
leaf: 

The leaves of Horse chestnut are palmately compound with five to seven leaflets. The leaflets are 13 - 30 cm (5.1 – 11.81 in) long. The petiole is long. The leaf margin of the leaflets is toothed.

leaf shape: 
palmately compound
leaf margin: 
toothed
leaf position: 
alternate
fall foliage: 
yellow - orange
flowering: 
May
blossom color: 
white to yellow-red
blossom description: 

The inflorescences are upright piston-like (flower candle) The inflorescences up to 20 – 30 cm (7.9 - 11.81 in) high. The flower color is white to yellow-red.

gender distribution: 
monoecious
fruit: 

The seeds (chestnuts) of the horse chestnut are in a fleshy, green and spiky capsule. Usually, one to two fruit in a capsule. The fruits fall in autumn with the pericarp from the tree. Shatters upon impact on the floor.

branches: 

The twigs are light brown to reddish brown.

bark: 
The bark is brown - gray green.
root: 
Deep to heart-rooting plant, densely branched
location: 
Sun light to slightly shady
soil: 
sandy to loamy
ph value: 
slightly acidic to alkaline
usage: 

single tree or planting in groups, honey plant, feeding tree

Typical diseases for Horsechestnut

Typical fungi for Horsechestnut