The leaves are ovate, pointed, and is about 15 cm (5.9 in) long. The leaf margin is serrated and the leaf arrangement is alternate.
The male flowers (catkins) are strikingly long, the female flowers are often upright.
The cones become woody , first they are green and later dark brown to black.
The branches are red-brown, the buds are reddish brown, narrow and pointed. The lateral buds stick out.